The main threat to the biodiversity of the Cerrado It is deforestation. And most of the remaining original vegetation cover has been subject to various types of interference. For the past five decades, the biome has been the main area of agricultural expansion and consolidation of Brazilian agribusiness, leading to the loss of half of its original plant cover hot spot - unique and threatened ecosystem. At this juncture, the Cerrado, considered one of the most endangered biomes on our planet, illustrates very well the challenges and opportunities of reconciling economic development with conservation of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
In this article titled Promotion of governance and conservation of water resources in the Cerrado & #8221; which was published in the scientific journal Conservation Science and Practice, Researchers from Singapore, the United States, Brazil, and Germany evaluated the state of the art and presented new information on the impacts of agricultural expansion, dams, and water use in the Cerrado. From this information, the group made recommendations for the management, conservation and restoration of Cerrado watersheds and ecosystems that are directly related to water.
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According to the researchers, conservation of the Cerrado requires not only the conservation of remnants of its vegetation, but also the ability to maintain the hydrogeomorphological and ecological functionality of its rivers, particularly the Araguaia River, the last major well-preserved system. ;. The group concludes its work by pointing out that if we maintain this usual model of development in the Cerrado, which has been implemented for decades, riparian ecosystems of the biome may never restructure again.
One of the authors of this work and researcher at the Federal University of Goiás, Dr. Manuel Ferreira, has been working with a team of researchers and civil society institutions in the project. Cerrado Knowledge Platform & #8220;. The project is executed by Image Processing and Geoprocessing Laboratory (LAPIG) and has the support of Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, in English for Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB) and aims to share data, information and knowledge among various stakeholders in the Cerrado and empower civil society through reliable information and tools for monitoring Cerrado ecosystems.
The Image Processing and Geoprocessing Laboratory (LAPIG) It is linked to the Institute of Social and Environmental Studies (IESA) of the Federal University of Goiás (UFG). Its activities began in 1994 and have since contributed to the elaboration of several monographs, dissertations and theses, as well as offering remote sensing, digital cartography and geographic information systems. In 2010, they started the “Geocourses”, an extension project that offers short and medium courses in the field of geotechnologies, offered to the community in general. The research is an important front for the production and / or organization of geographic and documentary data for territorial and environmental monitoring of Brazilian biomes and their natural and anthropic landscapes.
The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.