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Kalunga Territory is recognized by the UN Environmental Program as the first TICCA in Brazil

The UN Environmental Program (UNEP-WCMC) concluded this Tuesday (3) the official registration of the Kalunga Historical and Cultural Heritage Site as the first TICCA (Territories and Areas Conserved by Indigenous and Local Communities) in Brazil.

Access the publication here: https://www.protectedplanet.net/555698070

 

By Maiana Diniz, Communication Advisor, via the Quilombo Kalunga Association

The global title is assigned to conserved community and traditional territories in which the community has a deep connection with the place it inhabits, internal management and governance processes and positive results in nature conservation, as well as the well-being of its people, the so-called “territories of life”.

Jorge Moreira de Oliveira, president of the Quilombo Kalunga Association (AQK) & #8211; Photo: Elder Miranda Jr / AQK

“It is with great pride that we received the news that the Kalunga Territory, one of the largest in Brazil, has been recognized by the UN as TICCA, as a preserved territory. This means that here we still have many fruits, a lot of nature and many preserved beauties. As a representative, I am honored with this international recognition. I believe that now we will have more partners to help us in the fight for the conquest of our entire territory, which has not yet been entirely expropriated. ”, celebrates the president of Quilombo Kalunga Association (AQK), Jorge Moreira de Oliveira.

Family farmer Kalunga de Monte Alegre & #8211; Photo: Elder Miranda Jr / AQK

With a strong tradition in agriculture, the Kalunga people practice low carbon planting and rely on ancestral knowledge to plant at the pace of nature, eliminating the use of pesticides. They plant in small fields, usually smaller than 1 hectare, where they practice subsistence agriculture, with the sale of surpluses. The cultivated areas are used for up to 4 years, then rest for 10 years. The gardens are made in the hoe, without the use of machines. The Kalunga they also practice extractivism and seek other sustainable alternatives for the development of the territory.

Becoming TICCA is a global recognition the role of the Kalunga people in conserving the biodiversity of the Cerrado and the beauty of Chapada dos Veadeiros, in northeastern Goiás. Rich in culture, water and biodiversity, it is estimated that the Kalunga quilombo was created more than 300 years ago by people who did not accept and managed to escape the slavery regime of the time. The territory occupies an area of 261 thousand hectares in the municipalities of Cavalcante, Teresina de Goiás and Monte Alegre, all located in the state of Goiás.

“We have gained autonomy in the management of our land. Now that we are listed on the international map of traditional communities as TICCA, we hope to join in this struggle with other communities around the world ”, says Damião Moreira Santos, project coordinator for the Quilombo Kalunga Association (AQK).

Vão do Moleque Lookout, at the Kalunga Historical and Cultural Heritage Site & #8211; Photo: Maiana Diniz / AQK

In addition, the title is expected to assist in protection of the territory against external threats, because now the Kalunga have in their hands a United Nations validation that proves the conservation in the territory, besides adding even more value to the community-based tourism and products from those regions.

The register

The suggestion that the Kalunga Historical Site and Cultural Heritage (SHPCK) fit the TICCA concept came from the Director of Grant of the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF), Peggy Poncelet, throughout the process of building the Internal Rules of the Quilombo Kalunga Association (AQK), a document that establishes clear rules for the management and use of land by the Kalunga people. CEPF has a ongoing project with AQK and in the last two years has financed several actions for the improving management and sustainable development in the territory.

The board of the Quilombo Kalunga Association (AQK) became interested in the concept and throughout the community assemblies to discuss the Internal Regulations it also started an intense process of dialogues and consultations with the residents of the 39 communities living in the territory on the challenges and advantages to become TICCA.

“It was a very participatory process. We have a preserved community, a territory of life, but we suffer constant invasions. The TICCA formalization process has helped us to give international visibility to protect us ”, evaluates Vilmar Kalunga.

Mirante da Comunidade Vão de Almas, one of the 39 in Kalunga territory & #8211; Photo: Elder Miranda Jr / AQK

Were 14 large community assemblies and a large 3-day assembly to discuss and approve the Internal Regulations, a process that took place under the leadership of Vilmar Kalunga, then president of AQK, Damião Moreira dos Santos, coordinator of the CEPF project at AQK, Durval Fernandes Motta, consultant of the Association, and Jorge Moreira de Oliveira, current president of AQK.

“In the assemblies, we try to show the community the importance of the work that we all do for the world in relation to the preservation and conservation of nature. We, even without knowing or being recognized, provide a global service to the environment. During the discussions, we regained our awareness and pride in how we live and make a living from the environment. ”, recalls Damião Moreira.

The Community decision to proclaim itself as the first TICCA in Brazil it took place during a general meeting in February 2020. This was the first step towards the recognition of the Kalunga territory as “#8220; territory of life”, or TICCA.

Throughout the process, the AQK team had the active support of Partnership Fund for Critical Ecosystems (CEPF) and the International Education Institute of Brazil (IEB).

“We support territorial management, as we realize that it is very important from the point of view of conservation. AQK went deep with the project. We follow their territorial management steps: reviewing the statute, mapping their natural resources and managing conflicts in the community ”, explains Michael Becker, CEPF Cerrado coordinator.

AQK also contacted the Mupan (Women in Action in the Pantanal), institution that is the focal point of the TICCA Consortium in Brazil. In addition to clarifying doubts, Mupan supported the process of finalizing the registration of the SHPCK at the World Conservation Monitoring Center (WCMC) and created a Brazilian protocol to carry out the peer review process, provided for in the UN requirements to grant the title.

“Mupan helped in the articulation with other institutions and in the evaluation letter. As there were no other TICCAs in Brazil to do the recognition, we set up a commission for the TICCA Brasil network with quilombo leaders, representatives of the black movement and the Rede Cerrado institution, to certify if the procedure in the Kalunga territory had occurred in accordance with the documents sent to UNEP ”says Lílian Ribeiro, coordinator of indigenous affairs and traditional communities of the Corredor Azul Program, Mupan. Lilian also points out that the title is an additional tool for the Kalunga community to gain strength in the defense of the territory.

Maiana Diniz, AQK Communication Advisor
Whatsapp: (61) 98400.2100


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

Beekeeping course for quilombolas Kalunga has a reserve of 50% of vacancies for women

Initiative of the Quilombo Kalunga Association (AQK), Tiradentes Institute (IE) and CEPF Cerrado / IEB, the beekeeping course moved 16 young quilombolas Kalunga, from October 26 to 30, in the city of Niquelândia, in Goiás

by Luana Luizy, Communication Officer, International Education Institute of Brazil

 

The search for a diversified agroextractive economy led to the idea of carrying out this training with young Kalunga quilombolas. Photo: Manuel Júnior / Collection Instituto Educacional Tiradentes

The search for a agroextractive economy diversified led to the idea of carrying out this training, since the quilombolas Kalunga they are suffering impacts from the pandemic, as one of the main ways of generating income for quilombolas is tourism in the region.

 The course left as result the construction of eight apiaries with small honey extraction units. The initiative sought to generate autonomy for quilombolas, who are in isolated areas and difficult to access to the community, where electricity, until today, does not exist.

“Honey is a product that you can keep for up to two years; it cannot be refrigerated, otherwise it will spoil. This project came to serve communities abandoned by the government ”explains Manoel Júnior, from the Tiradentes Institute.

Training - which seeks to train young multipliers - destined 50% of vacancies for women, prioritizing gender equity, as a way to promote income autonomy for this group. Sirleia Torres, 28, says that training is very important for her to find financial opportunities.

“Now I am going to expand my possibilities in the job market. Every day I learn more about beekeeping; it's been an incredible experience ”, says the young quilombola.

“Gender inequality is a reality within these communities. It is the woman who organizes the house and the plantations, but the income remains with the men. So, this course prioritizes that they can have more autonomy ”, says Manuel.

About the Quilombo Kalunga Association and CEPF Cerrado

The Quilombo Kalunga Association is a civil organization, with no economic purpose, founded in October 1999. It represents the largest quilombo territory in Brazil, with 262 thousand hectares of land. AQK defends the interests of residents of the Kalunga Historical Site and Cultural Heritage (SHPCK), which covers the municipalities of Goiás, Cavalcante, Monte Alegre de Goiás and Teresina de Goiás.

The project, promoted by Partnership Fund for Critical Ecosystems (CEPF Cerrado) and with support from International Institute of Education of Brazilaims to get to know the reality of the Kalunga communities in depth, use geoprocessing technology to map the territory in detail, promote the occupation of the SHPCK in a more sustainable way and make the Kalunga internationally recognized as defenders of biodiversity conservation.

 

Learn more about AQK: http://quilombokalunga.org.br/PKS/?page_id=27

Learn more about the Tiradentes Educational Institute: https://institutotiradentes.com.br/


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

Quilombo Kalunga Association publishes terms of reference for journalist

THE Quilombo Kalunga Association (AQK) is a civil organization, consisting of residents of the Sítio Histórico e Patrimônio Cultural Kalunga, a remaining quilombo area inserted in the municipalities of Cavalcante, Monte Alegre and Teresina de Goiás, the largest in Brazil. The purpose of the association is to promote the defense of the interests of the Kalunga people, the main objectives of which are: to promote the integration and social interaction of people as a way of strengthening culture; economic and social development, through the encouragement and promotion of agricultural, livestock and agroextractive activities; promote the development of activities for the conservation and preservation of the environment, the sustainable use of natural resources and the promotion of projects to develop ecologically correct and carry out environmental and territorial management.

The union of new technologies to help in the protection, conservation and conscious use of the land and water resources of the Kalunga Historical Site and Cultural Heritage region, this was the initial thought, when in 2016/2017, AQK formulated a project to, in partnership with Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) and the International Education Institute of Brazil (IEB), carry out the most complete survey ever made in a remaining quilombo area in Brazilian territory.

The project “Use of Geoprocessing in the Management of the Kalunga Historical Site and Cultural Heritage”, which is executed with support from CEPF Cerrado, is based on four basic components:

  1. Structuring a Geographic Information System - GIS, in the information system to work with maps and geographical information called ARcGis, which is associated with a physical and socioeconomic database developed on the MySQL platform, which is a database management system, which uses SQL as an interface;
  2. Assist the Quilombo Kalunga Association in strengthening the organization of the Kalunga people to carry out management with the participation of communities through their elected representatives in Local AQK assemblies;
  3. Disclose the existence of 19 threatened species from the Cerrado of Chapada dos Veadeiros (Goiás);
  4. Advising the AQK Board of Directors in seeking to advance land regularization.

Recently, AQK identified the need to expand and strengthen communication between the board and the Kalunga people, to make communication aimed at the territory and at the same time outside, aiming to reach the whole society about the results and impacts of this project, as well as communicate the reality and challenges of the territory and the Kalunga people. In this sense, the Quilombo Kalunga Association makes public the term of reference for hiring professional services to the interested parties to carry out communication consultancy for the AQK board, as well as internal communication for the Kalunga people and external communication for the whole society, using all available tools and the website www.quilombokalunga.org.

Professionals or companies interested in performing the services presented will have until the day October 28, 2020 at 6 pm (Brasília time) to send via e-mail your proposals, together with the requested documentation as described in Terms of Reference, which can be accessed below:

 

For more information, contact:

Quilombo Kalunga Association

telephone: (62) 3494-1062

email: aqkalunga@gmail.com


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

For an isolated community in Brazil, knowledge is power

The Kalunga community is using mapping data to defend their land and traditional way of life.

translated from text published by Marsea Nelson, Senior Communications Manager, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund 

 

Several hundred years ago, in Brazil, fugitive slave groups established communities & #8211; known as quilombos. Many of these communities were destroyed, but in a remote mountainous region of Goiás, some 8,000 of their descendants & #8211; the people Kalunga & #8211; it continues a traditional lifestyle largely isolated from the modern world.

Today, however, this modern world is forming for this community. The Kalungas found themselves fighting for both their culture and their ancestral land, which lies within the impressive region of Veadeiros Plateau (Goiás, Brazil), which is part of hot spot in Cerrado biodiversity.

The Kalunga are mainly Catholic. However, some converted to neo-Pentecostalism, which brought some differences with community members who continue to hold traditional beliefs.

Community children learn about local biodiversity. Photo: © Quilombo Kalunga Association Collection

In addition, younger Kalungas leave the territory to study or work. “When they return, they bring musical influences, outside dancing and new habits,” said Vilmar Souza Costa, president of the Quilombo Kalunga Association (AQK). “They also bring a new vision of how to relate to the land, wanting to apply new technologies to cultivate it and fight pests, which are more appropriate for agribusiness.”

At threats to Kalunga lands they include imminent plans for the construction of a small hydroelectric plant and consistent pressure from mining companies, as well as an increase in land used for agriculture.

Pasture areas have grown over the years and open areas are already taking over the territory, Costa said. He also noted that populations of many species of local biodiversity & #8211; including tapirs, armadillos, rheas and fish & #8211; decreased.

The project field team. Photo: © Quilombo Kalunga Association Collection

Recognizing these challenges, the community established the Quilombo Kalunga Association in 1999 to represent and defend their interests.

In 2013, the idea of using the geoprocessing to better understand families living in the region and territory, documenting precisely what Kalunga lands housed, where they were most vulnerable and where there were the best opportunities to implement tourism.

Finding funding for the project, however, proved challenging. Government funds failed and efforts to find another donor did not materialize until five years later, when CEPF granted the Association its first Donation of US$ 216,600.00.

& #8220; In the Cerrado, working with traditional peoples and communities is an important part of our strategy & #8221; said Peggy Poncelet, CEPF grant director. #8220; Not every donor is equipped to provide the kind of technical support that a developing organization such as AQK requires, but CEPF is.

Kalunga Territory. Photo: ©P. Poncelet / CEPF Collection

With funding finally in place, a specialist was hired by AQK to train 24 young Kalungas in GIS and Open Data Kit, which is a data collection toolkit that does not require an internet connection. They then began to systematically gather socioeconomic information about local residents of the Kalunga Historical Site and Cultural Heritage.

The work was not easy & #8211; The team faced heavy rains and bad roads. Sometimes they would go to hard to reach places, only to find that the family was not at home. This fieldwork was a complicated process, but, according to Costa, the young people took on with “enthusiasm and joy”.

The information collected in the survey is being useful on many fronts. The state sanitation company will use the data to improve water supply and sanitation in the community. Information about which families have dogs and chickens will be used by the Department of Health to help fight Chagas disease, which can cause serious health complications. Meanwhile, a federal organization is using data on land cultivation and animal husbandry to provide farmers with more efficient technical assistance.

Vilmar Costa, president of AQK, spoke to the community about the 19 endangered species occurring in the Kalunga Territory. Photo: © Quilombo Kalunga Association Collection

Awareness raising is another essential component of the CEPF funded project. Presentations about 19 endangered species found in the region were widely reported in local schools and municipalities. & #8220; Participating students and teachers posted photos and comments on their social networks, which eventually led to large-scale knowledge of the 19 species of Chapada dos Veadeiros & #8221 ;, said Costa. AQK also made presentations during community meetings and distributed calendars and banners describing local biodiversity and how to protect it.

AQK is now working on creating a online platform which will allow each family to update their own information.

The project was also reported locally by the The Brazilian Report and Eyeing The Ruralists. Recently, the portal G1 Nature has published a series of articles and videos about the Kalunga community.

Read the original text of this article, which is available in English at site CEPF.

About Quilombo Kalunga Association and CEPF Cerrado

The Quilombo Kalunga Association is a non-profit, non-profit civil organization founded in October 1999. It is formed by the Kalunga Associations of Cavalcante, Monte Alegre, Teresina and Engenho II, as well as Epotecampo. She represents the largest quilombo territory in Brazil, with 262 thousand hectares of land. The Association promotes the defense of interest of all communities formed by residents of the Kalunga Historical and Cultural Heritage Site (SHPCK), scattered between the municipalities of Cavalcante, Monte Alegre de Goiás and Teresina de Goiás, and represent them in all instances. legal and administrative

The project “Use of Geoprocessing in the Management of the Kalunga Historical and Cultural Heritage Site - SHPCK”, fostered by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, from the acronym in English to Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fundand with support from Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB)The project aims to know in depth the reality of Kalunga communities, use geoprocessing technology to map the territory in detail, promote SHPCK occupation in a more sustainable way and make Kalunga internationally recognized as advocates of biodiversity conservation. .


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

Approved in Goiás the first internal regulation of a quilombo in Brazil

Quilombo Kalunga Association Initiative to Model Other Quilombola Communities

by Quilombo Kalunga Association

THE Quilombo Kalunga Association (AQK) completed in May the elaboration of the bylaws, a pioneer project at the national level. O rules of procedure for the environmental and territorial management of the Kalunga Historical Site and Cultural Heritage (SHPCK), for the recognition of Kalunga ancestry and ancestry, and for the exploitation of tourism in the territory. SHPCK is considered the largest quilombo territory in Brazil, with 261,999.69 hectares, and is located in the Chapada dos Veadeiros region, in Goiás.

Vilmar de Souza Costa opens the Assembly of Representatives of the Kalunga Communities to draw up the Rules of Procedure of the Quilombo Kalunga Association. Photo: Maria Lúcia Godinho / AQK Collection.

From March 18 to May 12, 14 assemblies were held, involving all 39 Kalunga communities and attended by over 1,000 people. In these meetings were discussed the most important points that, according to those present, should be contained in the bylaws, were voted by them and approved the contents. In these assemblies the creation of a AQK Representative Council, a collegiate made up of three representatives from each local community, who became part of the board of the Quilombo Kalunga Association.

From May 23rd to 26th, the Assembly of Representatives elected at the community meetings was held at the Kalunga Cavalcante Association. These were moments of intense debate of each article and paragraph, and finally approved.

According Vilmar Souza Costa, president of the Quilombo Kalunga Association, the bylaws are of essential importance to regulate the relations existing within the territory, always respecting the customs, knowledge and traditions of the Kalunga people. “The creation of our regiment is yet another demonstration of the Kalunga people's ability to organize, defend and manage their territory. We collectively and participatively build our own standards, which will be followed by all our people, ”says Costa.

Maria Aparecida Mato, Executive Director of CONAQ - National Coordination of Quilombola Rural Black Communities in Brazil - participated in one of the 14 assemblies and praised the importance of the norms and culture of a quilombola people being put on paper as a written and concrete proof of all that is established. “This is the first quilombo in Brazil to create an internal regiment.. It is an example and a model that will be followed by several other quilombola communities in Brazil, ”he reveals.

Geoprocessing and preservation in assemblies

Another theme of the assemblies was the project “Use of Geoprocessing in the Management of the Historical and Cultural Heritage Site Kalunga & #8211; SHPCK ”, fostered by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, from the acronym in English to Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and with support from Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB)The project aims to know in depth the reality of Kalunga communities, use geoprocessing technology to map the territory in detail, promote SHPCK occupation in a more sustainable way and make Kalunga internationally recognized as advocates of biodiversity conservation. .

Representing CEPF / IEB, Michael Jackson speaks on the importance of organizing the Kalunga people to carry out environmental and territorial management. Photo: Maria Lúcia Godinho / AQK Collection.

Since January the survey has been carried out and the socioeconomic register SHPCK residents, with the goal of participation of all 1,500 quilombola families. After the survey, the field surveys will be associated with the cartographic base and the thematic mapping performed through geoprocessing and remote sensing. There will also be a cadastral survey of mining activities, illegal logging and predatory fishing, and tourist attractions.

The assemblies also focused on the mobilization of quilombola families on the importance of biodiversity conservation all over the territory. For this, they were made 4,000 calendars, which were delivered to Kalunga houses, as well as people and strategic locations in the municipalities of Alto Paraíso, Cavalcante, Campos Belos, Monte Alegre de Goiás and Teresina de Goiás. Banners were also made, set in all municipal, state and private schools. in the five municipalities.

According to the previous survey made by the Association, there are 19 locally threatened species found in the region. Conservation target species were prioritized according to the degree of threat criterion, focused on species facing extremely high risk of extinction in nature, requiring urgent conservation actions.

About Quilombo Kalunga Association

The Quilombo Kalunga Association is a non-profit, non-profit civil organization founded in October 1999. It is formed by the Kalunga Associations of Cavalcante, Monte Alegre, Teresina and Engenho II, as well as Epotecampo. She represents the largest quilombo territory in Brazil, with 262 thousand hectares of land. The Association promotes the defense of interest of all communities formed by residents of the Kalunga Historical and Cultural Heritage Site (SHPCK), scattered between the municipalities of Cavalcante, Monte Alegre de Goiás and Teresina de Goiás, and represent them in all instances. legal and administrative

More information:

Phone: (62) 3494-1062

Email: aqkalunga@gmail.com

Facebook gives Aqk.


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.