Endemic tree the central region of Minas Gerais, the wilson's faveiro is at risk of extinction. In this way, the Symposium "Flora in Debate: Challenges in the Conservation of Rare Plants", held in December, aimed to discuss the challenges faced in the conservation of the native flora of Brazil.
The event came about as the result of an initiative by researchers from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) in conjunction with the Belo Horizonte City Hall and Instituto Prístino. This action is part of the project “Management and protection of the faveiro-de-wilson”, which aims to increase the protection of faveiro and its habitat through the implementation of actions of its National Action Plan (PAN). The project is carried out by Society of Friends of the Belo Horizonte Zoo-Botanical Foundation and has the support of Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and International Institute of Education of Brazil (IEB). Researchers, teachers, volunteers, partners and students were present, in order to debate and disseminate all knowledge about the faveiro-de-wilson, especially with regard to its conservation.
The three species discussed at the symposium were: faveiro-de-wilson (Dimorphandra wilsonii); faveiro-da-mata (Dimorphandra exaltata) and faveiro-do-campo (Dimorphandra mollis). “The three are very important in feeding the fauna. Tapir, deer, paca and macaw are some of the species that eat their broad beans (pods). Cattle and horses also love to eat them. And they fall to the ground in the winter when the pastures are very dry. The faveiro-de-wilson and mata are poorly studied and are at risk of extinction. Hence our conservation project and the symposium ”, says Fernando M. Fernandes, coordinator of the Faveiro-de-wilson Conservation Program.
Faveiro or faveira are popular names given to plants that produce fruit in the form of broad beans, which keep the seeds. The fruit, that is, the bean, can also be called vegetable, pod, bagem, bajeca, among others. These plants - which can be trees, shrubs, herbs or vines - belong to the Fabaceae botanical family, popularly known as the legume family. In addition to the faveiros, hundreds of botanical species are part of this family, such as jacaranda, sucupira, brazilwood, peas, soybeans and beans.
Learn more about this project with IEB / CEPF Cerrado!
The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.