¹The basin of São Lourenço River It has an area of about 22,000 km² and consists of one of the main Wetland Grosso, integrating the Paraguay River hydrographic region. In addition, it has sections that make up the ecological corridor Cerrado-Pantanal and is mostly made up of key areas for biodiversity (KBAs).
¹Originally the basin was covered by vegetation formations of the Cerrado. However, from the 1960s, intense changes in land use and occupation occurred in the region, and agricultural areas for commodities, pasture and urban occupation were occupying the space. At this time, the municipality of Rondonopolis developed as one of the most populous and industrialized of Mato Grosso. The region has mining activities (sand, gravel and gold) at its headwaters, relevant tourist activities in some of its tributaries (Cachoeira de Fumaça complex, Jaciara municipality), has 10 Small Hydroelectric Plants (SHPs) in operation, whose influences on The ecological functions of the biome itself and the Pantanal plain are little known.
¹The watershed is formed by the performance of different social actors, among which stand out the peasants, indigenous people and fishermen. The peasants total approximately 2,800 families and are distributed in 38 settlements. Already the nearly 1,000 indigenous people belong to the Bororo people and are located in two Indigenous Lands (TI Tadarimana and TI Jarudore). The fishermen are organized by the Federation of Fishermen and Aquacultures of the State of Mato Grosso (Fepesc) and Colony Z-3 (Rondonópolis), totaling more than 150 families.
The work is performed by Department of Geography, Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT) / UNISELVA Foundation and by December 2020 the project & #8220; Multiscale quality monitoring in the São Lourenço River basin, Mato Grosso & #8221;, which is supported by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund CEPF Cerrado) and Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB), will:
- Identify spatiotemporal patterns of water quality in the São Lourenço river basin
- Develop an application for mobile phones (GIS-Participatory) that enables the dissemination of information related to water resources, and that reinforces the interaction between, and with the participation of social actors interested in the different forms of water use in the basin.
- Develop participatory diagnoses on the situation / relationship of communities that affect and are affected by the multiple uses of Water Resources, seeking an understanding of existing conflicts regarding the use and management of HR.
The main objective of this project is monitor and model water quality at multiple scales in the São Lourenço River basin. Making these data available through a participatory GIS, along with work in communities in the basin, will empower and enable the direct participation of social groups in the monitoring of conditions and management of water resources in the basin.
Source: text adapted from the original project proposal & #8220; Multiscale quality monitoring in the São Lourenço River basin, Mato Grosso & #8221;
The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.