¹The Cerrado is the largest hot spot in the western hemisphere, covering more than 2 million km2 in Brazil and smaller parts (around 1%) of Bolivia and Paraguay. This one hot spot It also includes the headwaters of the three largest river basins in South America (Amazonas / Tocantins, São Francisco and Prata), thus highlighting their importance for the region's water security. In addition, the Cerrado is extremely rich in plant richness, with over 12,000 cataloged native species. The great diversity of habitats results in remarkable transitions between different vegetation types. About 250 species of mammals live in the Cerrado, along with a rich birdlife with 856 recorded species. The diversity of fish (800 species), reptiles (262 species) and amphibians (204 species) is also high. Many of these species are endemic. For these reasons, the Cerrado is considered to be the most biodiverse tropical savanna region in the world.
¹ In addition to its environmental specificities, the Cerrado also has great social importance. Many people depend on their natural resources to survive with quality of life, including indigenous groups, quilombolas, gerizeiros, riparian and babassu coconut breakers, which are part of Brazil's historical and cultural heritage and share traditional knowledge of biodiversity. More than 220 plant species are known for medicinal use and many native fruits are regularly consumed by locals and sold in urban centers.
¹Currently, the Cerrado is one of the main areas of the planet for agricultural and livestock production. While it is a source of pride to many, border expansion also takes its toll. The Ministry of Environment estimates that by 2010, 47% of the Cerrado had been converted and most of the remaining areas of natural vegetation were fragmented. The pressure remains intense because of the agricultural expansion of soy, meat, sugar cane, eucalyptus and cotton, products that are essential for the national economy and world markets. As a result, annual deforestation rates in the Cerrado are higher than in the Amazon.
& #8220; Let's talk about the Cerrado? & #8221; it's a one video series which provides information about the biome, its history and risks. This publication was produced by the project #8220; Land Use Initiative & #8211; INPUT & #8221;, the result of a partnership between Agroicone it's the Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) in Brazil, which brings together several actors to map the challenges of natural resource management in Brazil. Check out one of the videos in the series:
¹Text taken from Profile of the Cerrado Biodiversity Hostpot Ecosystem (2017).