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Rare and endangered cactus is the focus of a conservation project in the Jequitinhonha Valley, Itamarandiba, Minas Gerais

Today, on the National Day of the Cerrado (9/11), we will meet a rare natural plant from the Jequitinhonha Valley region, Minas Gerais, which is critically endangered due to the destruction of its habitat by mining and by illegal and predatory collection for trade in collectors. It belongs to the botanical family Cactaceae, the cactus with the scientific name of Uebelmannia buiningii, Ita crown, is found in an area of about 18.81 hectares located in the municipality of Itamarandiba. This area is in transition between the biomes of Atlantic Forest and the Cerrado and where is onethat of the few conservation units in the region, the Serra Negra State Park - PESN. The site is considered a key area for biodiversity or Key Biodiversity Area (KBA), full of endemic species. KBAs are places that “contribute significantly to the worldwide persistence of biodiversity”, for example, by supporting the conservation of threatened species and species that have severely restricted global distributions.

The plant has been studied since 2012 by researchers from the Cerrado Biodiversity Assessment and Research and Conservation Center & #8211; CBC, from the Chico Mendes Institute for Conservation and Biodiversity (ICMBio), which go to the field in search of knowledge about their populations, a more detailed understanding of the characteristics of their habitats and factors that threaten their survival, which are disclosed in scientific works and help to guide the paths to be followed for the management of their populations in nature.

Landscape of the Serra Negra region, in the Jequitinhonnha Valley, in Itamarandiba. Photo: Washington Oliveira / Personal collection

The project & #8220; Ecology & Recovery U. buiningii & #8221; since 2019 with financial support from International Education Institute of Brazil, through the Partnership Fund for Critical Ecosystems (CEPF Cerrado) and with the management of Jurumi Institute for Nature Conservation in partnership with Embrapa-Cenargen and Serra Negra State Park. The biologist and coordinator of the Project, Suelma Ribeiro explains that: “the main focus, without a doubt, is to guarantee the maintenance of the cactus in nature in the long term”. 

The plant is critically endangered, according to the national and international list of species of flora threatened with extinction, due to the destruction of their habitat and illegal removal of their individuals. However, other threats were identified with the studies carried out in 2019. According to biologist Washington Oliveira, a member of the team: “the research carried out last year indicated that the invasive exotic plant known as fat grass (Melinis minutiflora) was found in all areas where the cactus occurs and negatively affects its abundance ”.

The cactus that lives exclusively in a range between 900 and 1350 m in altitude, is pollinated by bees, measures about 6 cm in height and lives in association with other shrubs and rocks, especially under others endemic species bromeliads and velózias, also known as canela-de-ema. This association favors a greater abundance of the cactus, attenuating the excessive solar radiation through shading, which leaves the environment more humid, reducing the negative effects of the high temperature of the place, making these appropriate places for seed germination. According to Suelma Ribeiro, “these environments function as a micro ecosystem that must be protected to guarantee the maintenance of individuals of Uebelmannia buiningii.

Ita crown. Photo: Washington Oliveira / Personal collection

However, most cactus populations live outside the PESN, with four small populations located on private properties, which requires urgent protection and awareness-raising actions. In this sense, the project also works with environmental education initiatives already developed by the Park's team, stimulating actions that sensitize children and young people from local communities. PESN manager Wanderlei Pimenta comments that: “the redefinition of the Park's limits, the creation of private reserves of natural heritage & #8211; RPPN and the intensification of environmental education actions in the region are fundamental for the protection of the plant and the unit's ecosystems ”.

The management of cactus populations in the rocky fields of Serra Negra requires the adoption of adptive management strategies that favor the reduction of impacts on the few individuals left in nature. Thus, it is essential to ensure the maintenance of ecological interactions and the protection of their habitats. According to Suelma Ribeiro, this approach will also serve to benefit other endangered species that occur in the territory and explains: “the implementation of these management strategies will be the next step to be taken by the project, but which will require the strengthening of current partnerships as well as its expansion to save this cactus from extinction together ”.

 

More information can be accessed at the following websites: 

Jurumi Institute: https://bio.institutojurumi.org.br/atividades/projeto/cacto    

CEPF Cerrado: http://cepfcerrado.iieb.org.br/projetos/ecologia-e-recuperacao-de-uebelmannia-buiningii-donald-cactaceae/

CBC / ICMBio:  https://www.icmbio.gov.br/cbc/acoes-de-pequisa-e-conservacao/manejo-para-conservacao-da-biodiversidade-em-ucs.html 

Serra Negra State Park: https://www.facebook.com/parqueserranegra/    


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

Symposium & #8220; Flora in Debate & #8221; happens in March in the city of Belo Horizonte

On the 19th of March, in Belo Horizonte, the Symposium “Challenges in the conservation of rare plants. The case of species of Dimorphandra”. This symposium is one of the actions of the National Action Plan for the conservation of the faveiro-de-wilson, a species of rare and endemic tree from Minas Gerais, threatened with extinction.

The symposium is also an integral part of the Project “Management and Protection of the faveiro-de-Wilson (Dimorphandra wilsonii) ", which is supported by Partnership Fund for Critical Ecosystems and International Institute of Education of Brazil. At the event, specialists and collaborators working with this species, as well as with another equally rare tree species in the region, the faveiro-da-mata, will show the latest advances in research and conservation of these species, as well as discuss the ways forward.

The project “Handling and Protection of the faveiro-de-wilson” is executed by Society of Friends of the Belo Horizonte Zoo-Botanical Foundation and started in November 2017 and has several actions in progress, including meetings, training and visits to areas of occurrence of the species, acting in an extension of 5,215 km², where are the 18 municipalities where the faveiro occurs. know more about the project's actions!

If you are interested in participating in the symposium, enter the website and register.

https://floraemdebate.wixsite.com/floraemdebate

Check out the schedule!


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

Guide “Herbs and shrubs for restoration of the Cerrado: no-till” available on CEPF Cerrado website

Already available here on CEPF Cerrado website the guide & #8220;Herbs and shrubs for restoration of the Cerrado: direct sowing & #8221; authored by Alexandre Bonesso Sampaio, Jose Felipe Ribeiro, Gustavo Barros Rocha, Fabiana Souza and Lais Nehme and published by the Cerrado Seed Network.

With support from CEPF Cerrado and International Institute of Education of Brazil, a Cerrado Seed Network execute the projects  “Training in ecological restoration of the Cerrado”, which aims to train actors in restoration actions, as well as others involved in the restoration process, on the diagnosis of degraded areas, restoration planning, restoration techniques and monitoring of restoration results. And the project “Seed Market and Restoration: Providing Environmental Services and Biodiversity”, which aims to act in the main links of the native seed production chain: the seed collectors, the different types of seed buyers and the interconnection between these actors.

*The Cerrado Seed Network (CSR) was established in 2004 and its main objective is the defense, preservation, conservation, management, restoration, promotion of studies and research, and the dissemination of technical and scientific information related to the Cerrado Biome, especially in central Brazil. CSR seeks to foster the production chain of native seeds of Cerradobalancing seed supply and demand, aligning income generation to local and traditional communities. Through training and dissemination of technical information, CSR seeks to expand knowledge and ensure the protection, valuation and preservation of this biome. To this end, CSR maintains partnerships with nonprofit and government entities. These partnerships have made it possible to create, edit and release this guide. CSR thanks all partners: Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF), a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan, and the World Bank; Caixa Seguradora Institute, German Cooperation - GIZ, Embrapa, Biomes Project, Brazilian Forest Service, Chico Mendes Institute, National Center for Biodiversity Assessment and Cerrado Research and Conservation, University of Brasilia, International Institute of Education of Brazil, Collectors Association of Chapada dos Veadeiros Seeds - Standing Cerrado and Collective Restores Cerrado.

Access the guide in pdf version on our collection.


* Text taken from the guide's preface.

The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

Critically endangered Cerrado miner tree engages researchers and society for conservation

The faveiro-by wilson, whose scientific name is Dimorphandra wilsonii Rizzinifamily legumes (Fabaceae), it's kind threatened “Critically Endangered” category. She is endemic of central Minas Gerais, in the transition from Cerrado to the Atlantic forest, ie it does not exist anywhere else in the world. Being so rare, the faveiro-de-Wilson is protected by Decree Law 43904/2004 of Minas Gerais. Wilson's faveiro came close to extinction due to the destruction of the region's forests, mainly in the last 60 years. So far just over 300 trees have been found in the wild, and most of them are isolated in the middle of pastures, where they have great difficulty reproducing. Wilson's faveiro trees can also be found in capoeiras and woods, both in the lowlands and on the slopes and tops of the hill *.

© Fernando Fernandes / SAFZB-BH Collection

The project & #8220; Handling and Protection of the Wilson's faveiro & #8221; is executed by Society of Friends of the Belo Horizonte Zoo-Botanical Foundation and receives support from Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) It's from Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB). The project started in November 2017 and already has several ongoing actions, including meetings, training and visits to areas of occurrence of the species, working in an extension of 5,215 km², where are the 18 municipalities of faveiro occurrence. & #8220; The implementation of the project in the region has provided, in addition to increasing knowledge, an increased degree of environmental awareness and greater engagement in protecting the environment among local people & #8221; reports Fernando Fernandes, researcher and project leader. In December 2018, Fernando was selected as a finalist for the General Nature Award, instituted by the state government through the Minas Gerais Environmental Policy Council (COPAM) and has received a tribute to its work for the conservation of the environment.

© SAFZB-BH Collection

In December of the last year, 3,000 seeds of the species were sown in the Belo Horizonte Botanical Garden (MG) and in the trees tree nursery, in the municipality of Florestal (MG), aiming at the production of seedlings for the reintroduction of faveiro in their areas of occurrence.

Watch the video below to learn more about the Belo Horizonte Zoo-Botanic Foundation Friends Society's work with the faveiro-de-wilson species!


* Text taken from the website of the Society of Friends of the Zoo-Botanical Foundation of Belo Horizonte.

The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

Guide & #8220; Seeds, Seedlings & Restoration in Southeastern Goiás & #8221; available on CEPF Cerrado website

Already available here on CEPF Cerrado website the guide & #8220;Seeds, seedlings and restoration in southeastern Goiás & #8221; by Helder Consolaro, Monique Alves, Maxmiller Ferreira and Daniel Vieira.

This guide is the result of the technical and financial cooperation of the Federal University of Goiás, Catalan Regional, Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, Serra do Facão Energia SA (Sefac) and National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL), enabled by the Research and Technological Development Program. Energy Sector (ANEEL-R & D), based on the project entitled “Development of methodology and technique for the implementation of Permanent Preservation Areas through direct seeding restoration: Research to reduce costs and improve the ecological potential of APPs plantations”.

The guide consists of information on seeds and seedlings of 40 species of Cerrado that can be used for the restoration of native vegetation via direct sowing or for the production and planting of seedlings. For each species, the authors provided morphological characteristics to assist their identification in the field and ecological and practical information for the use of species in ecological restoration.

Access the guide in pdf version on our collection.


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

Jurumi Institute opens opportunity in project supported by IEB and CEPF Cerrado

The project #8216; Ecology and recovery of Uebelmannia buiningii Donald (Cactaceae), which is performed by Jurumi Institute and has the support of Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB), aims to propose a recovery plan for Uebelmannia buiningii, endemic cactus from the Serra Negra region in the Espinhaço Range (Minas Gerais). This plan will be based on robust ecological studies that will allow us to understand the impact of anthropic and natural disturbance on the species and to identify the most critical stages of life history to understand the long-term viability of the population.

Across Reference term, The Jurumi Institute opens opportunity to hire professional / company service to generate ecological subsidies for the recovery of populations of Uebelmannia buiningii.

The activities will be developed in March 2019 to October 2020 and interested parties should send resume via email to contato@institutojurumi.org.br until 23 hours on 03/05/2019.

For more information, contact the Jurumi Institute.


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

Project promotes training in production of seedlings of native Cerrado species in Aldeia Brejão, Mato Grosso do Sul

The project Vseedling nursery for agroforestry production in Aldeia Brejãowhich runs Hanaiti Yomomo Association (AHY), aims to include indigenous peoples in the community development process, ensuring a sustainable alternative in food security, the use of new social technologies, sustainable use of land and plant species in the Cerrado, as well as adding value and generating income through agricultural and extractivist means.

One of the main components of this project is to train community members in agroecological transition and agroforestry systems, as well as in the production of fruits of plant species of the Cerrado. Therefore, on November 30 and December 1, 2018 AHY invites interested parties to participate in the Cerrad Native Seedling Production Capacity Building Workshopo, which will be taught by Dr. Zefa Valdivina Pereira (UNICAMP).

 

Want to know the other projects supported by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB)? Access our site or subscribe to our electronic bulletin.


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

Projects in focus: Buriti - income generation for youth and women, conservation of Veredas and Chapadas

Photo: © Large Sertão Collection
Photo: © Large Sertão Collection

 

In the month of August Grande Sertão Cooperative, who runs the project Buriti - income generation for youth and women, conservation of Veredas and Chapadas with support from Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and International Institute of Education of Brazil (IEB), made a visit to Belém (PA) in order to consolidate and build new marketing channels for the Cerrado mineiro socio-biodiversity products. The featured product is the buriti oil, which is prepared at the industrial plant of the Cooperative Grande Sertão, in Montes Claros (MG). To this end, the Cooperative has more than 400 families of family farmers and registered extractivists, who supply the pulp of buriti “raspa”, which is used to produce the famous oil, rich in nutrients. The focus of this activity was to visit cosmetic and food companies such as NATURA and BERACA.

This September, the Greater Sertão was visited by a group of technicians from Rio Grande Sul, representing the CETAP & #8211; Popular Alternative Technologies Center. The focus of the exchange was to learn about the experiences developed with the use of sociobiodiversity products. The work developed with communities, farmers, family farmers and extractivists in the productive arrangement of the buriti It was presented as an innovative experience in the region, which made it possible to build a dialogue for the future establishment of a partnership between the institutions. Later this month, the Cooperative Grande Sertão will be in the field with the communities of Peruaçu and Xacriabá Indigenous Land, to evaluate the crop of buriti.

 

* Text provided by the Cooperative Grande Sertão


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

 

Restoration Seeds

THE Cerrado Seed Networkthrough the project #8220; Seed Market and Restoration: Providing Environmental Services and Biodiversity & #8221;, offers for sale 71 species of native plants of the Cerrado for ecological restoration. In addition to 42 tree species, the list has 15 herbaceous and 14 shrubs. This project receives support from Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) It's from Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB).

Access to page Cerrado Seed Network for more information.

 


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

Endemic tree of Cerrado miner engages society in favor of conservation

New specimen of Wilson's faveiro found during a field visit of the project in Minas Gerais.

The faveiro-by wilson, whose scientific name is Dimorphandra wilsonii Rizzinifamily legumes (Fabaceae), it's kind threatened “Critically Endangered” category. She is endemic from the central region of Minas Gerais, in the transition from the Cerrado to the Atlantic Forest, that is, it does not exist anywhere else in the world. Being so rare, the faveiro-de-Wilson is protected by Decree Law 43904/2004 of Minas Gerais. Wilson's faveiro has come close to extinction due to the destruction of the region's forests, especially in the last 60 years. So far just over 300 trees have been found in the wild, and most of them are isolated in the middle of pastures, where they have great difficulty reproducing. Wilson's faveiro trees can also be found in capoeiras and woods, both in the lowlands and on the slopes and tops of the hill *. (* Text taken from the website of the Society of Friends of the Belo Horizonte Zoo-Botanic Foundation)

The project & #8220; Handling and Protection of the Wilson's faveiro & #8221; is executed by Society of Friends of the Belo Horizonte Zoo-Botanical Foundation and receives support from Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) It's from Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB). The project started in November 2017 and already has several ongoing actions, including meetings, training and visits to areas of occurrence of the species, working in an extension of 5,215 km², where are the 18 municipalities of faveiro occurrence. & #8220; Project execution in the region has provided, in addition to increasing knowledge, increased environmental awareness and greater engagement in protecting the environment among local people & #8221; reports Fernando Fernades, researcher and project leader. In the last visits for data collection, five new specimens of the species were discovered.

Watch the video below to learn more about the Belo Horizonte Zoo-Botanic Foundation Friends Society's work with the faveiro-de-wilson species!

 


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

FestFlor 2018

 

Brasilia received the sixth edition of FestFlor Brasil (national fair of the production chain of flowers and ornamental plants), held between June 28 and July 1 at the Ulysses Guimarães Convention Center.

Among the more than 150 booths that attended the event, there was one with 100% of native Cerrado plants and seeds. It was the project booth Cerrado Gardens, designed by architect and landscape architect Mariana Siqueira and carried out in partnership with several institutions, including Cerrado Seed Network.

There, visitors found pioneering native seedlings of herbs and shrubs in the project's experimental nursery at the hands of Claudomiro de Almeida Cortes. Seedlings of field macela, catuaba, caliandra, mimosa and several native grasses were sold, among others.

The stand also publicized the sale of native seeds, both for ecological restoration (CSR and partners) and for landscaping (through a partnership with VerdeNovo Sementes Nativos).

One of the attractions of the Cerrado Gardens area was the publications of the Cerrado Seed Network. Dozens of books on native grasses, trees, flowers and fruits were acquired by visitors.

The event also featured two lectures on the introduction of native Cerrado plants in landscaping, both given by Mariana Siqueira: “Cerrado seed and seedling production” (06/29) and “Cerrado Gardens: potential landscape of the Brazilian savanna ”(06/30).

In the lectures and at the booth, the project was announced Seed Market and Restoration: Providing Environmental Services and Biodiversity, performed by Cerrado Seed Network in partnership with ICMBio, UnB and Cerrado Foot Association, among others. The project is funded by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, the International Conservation, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank), with the International Institute of Education of Brazil.

With this, the flora of the Cerrado it is getting closer and closer to urban gardens and people's lives - and native seeds are of crucial importance in this process!

* Text provided by the Cerrado Seed Network

 


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

Project promotes conservation actions of the faveiro-de-Wilson

The wilson's faveiro has been studied, monitored and protected since 2003 by the faveiro-de-wilson Conservation Program. Currently, the native population is reduced to less than 300 adult individuals in the wild, largely due to habitat destruction. The project Handling and protection of the Wilson's faveiro (Dimorphanda wilsonii), performed by Society of Friends of the Belo Horizonte Zoobotany Foundation, aims to increase the protection of this species and its habitat through the implementation of actions of its National Action Plan (PAN), working on conservation and awareness through community engagement.
The 2nd Wilson's Faveiro Encounter was held last May, in the City Hall of Maravilhas-MG. At the time, 20 rural owners who have the species in their properties were gathered and other collaborators that help in its search and conservation. Fernando Fernandes, project leader, gave a presentation about faveiro and the research and conservation work that the Society has been doing in the region.
See more in the video below: