Created by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) In 1972, Biosphere Reserves, spread across 110 countries today, are supported by the program & #8220; Man and the Biosphere & #8221; (MAB) of UNESCO, developed with the UNEP (United Nations Environment Program), the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) and international development agencies. It is the main instrument of the MAB Program and is part of a worldwide network of areas for Cooperative Research, Conservation of Natural and Cultural Heritage and the Promotion of Sustainable Development Desenvolvimento.
THE World Biosphere Reserve Network It is comprised of 631 Biosphere Reserves located in 119 countries, including 14 transboundary / transcontinental sites. In Brazil we can highlight the following Biosphere Reserves²:
- Atlantic Forest and Green Belt of the City of São Paulo
- Central Amazon
- Espinhaço Mountain Range
These reserves play the role of promoting the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources and disseminating scientific, traditional and cultural knowledge in their regions.
THE Cerrado Biosphere Reserve, until then, had three definite phases that are located in regions of the Federal District and the states of Goiás, Tocantins, Maranhão and Piauí. The declaration of Phase I of the Reserve covers the territory of the Federal District and dates from 1994, and the declaration of Phase I of October 2000. The approval of Phase III in September 2001 supported the formation of the Biosphere Reserve Council.
According to the press office of the Ministry of Environment (MMA), the revision of the Cerrado Biosphere Reserve (RB) was approved on Monday (17), in Brasilia (DF). The new design prioritized the Cerrado connectivity with the Caatinga, Mata Atlântica and Pantanal biomes and covers about 74 million hectares, which includes the states of Bahia, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Paraná and São Paulo, which join the Federal District, Goiás, Piauí, Tocantins and Maranhão, which already made up RB. The document will be forwarded for UNESCO evaluation. More information on site from MMA.
This action is part of project & #8220;Technical support and participatory process development for the formulation of the proposal to expand the Cerrado Biosphere Reserve & #8221;, which aims to discuss with the main actors a process of redefining boundaries for the Cerrado Biosphere Reserve, based on the definition of criteria and concepts focusing on the geospatial issue, in order to compose a technical document to be submitted to UNESCO. . The project is executed by Greentec Environmental Technology and has the support of Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB).
Ministry of the Environment (2018). Commission approves limits of Cerrado Biosphere Reserve. Available at: http://www.mma.gov.br/informma/item/15103-comisso-aprova-limites-da-reserva-da-biosfera-do-cerrado.html
²UNESCO (2017). Biosphere Reserves in Brazil. Available at: http://www.unesco.org/new/en/brasilia/natural-sciences/environment/biodiversity/biodiversity/
The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.