The project “Restoration of Fields and Savannas in the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park (PNCV)” was awarded as the best restoration project presented at the VII World Conference of the International Society for Ecological Restoration (SER), held between August and September 2017. The project, coordinated by ICMBio, competed with 14 other projects, having been among the three finalists. This project was started in 2010 in order to eradicate invasive species and restore degraded areas in the Park. In 2012, analyst Alexandre Bonesso Sampaio (CECAT / ICMBio) in partnership with other servants, proposed to expand the scale of restoration experiments, including the Cerrado herbaceous-shrub species. The technique tested was the direct seeding of native species, much inspired by the method of restoration of forests around the Xingu National Park. This project has already received funding from the Boticário Group Foundation for Nature Protection and the Cerrado Seed Network, and has the support of researchers from Embrapa, such as Daniel Mascia Vieira and José Felipe Ribeiro, and UnB, Isabel Belloni Schmidt and Sarah. Caldas, in addition to having the support of the community surrounding the PNCV. The project has always sought to generate knowledge and improve low cost and high efficiency restoration techniques to restore Cerrado savannah and grassland formations, involving local communities at all stages. In 2016, everyone involved in the project came together to guide innovative action in the Park. The objective was to carry out forest replacement via direct sowing of native plants, promoting on a large scale the first restoration of savannah and grassland formations of the Cerrado. The plantations of this replacement were carried out in 2015 and 2016, where it was possible to restore 94 ha.
The ecological restoration of savannahs and fields of the Cerrado is a challenge that is still poorly studied and applied. Nevertheless, the practices developed in the PNCV, with replicas in REBIO Contagem (Brasília-DF) and Fazenda Entre-Rios (PAD-DF), indicate that it is possible to restore large scale savannah and grassland formations. This result was only achieved thanks to the active involvement of the surrounding PNCV community, especially in the production of native seeds and in the sowing and maintenance activities of the areas. Today there are more than 70 families of seed collectors organized by the Cerrado de Pé Association, which is the first to offer seeds of herbaceous-shrub species in the Cerrado. Currently the collectors of Chapada dos Veadeiros offer seeds of 80 native species, including herbs, shrubs and trees. Since 2012, 105 ha have been restored from sowing about 25 tons of native plant seeds, moving R$ 170,000 to local communities.
adapted from text sent by Alexandre Bonesso Sampaio & #8211; Environmental Analyst CECAT / ICMBio