The agroforestry systems (SAFs) They are consortia of agricultural crops with tree species that can be used to restore native vegetation and restore anthropized areas. The technology mitigates terrain constraints, minimizes degradation risks inherent in agricultural activity and optimizes the yield to be achieved¹. The tree components are inserted as a strategy to combat erosion and the input of organic matter, restoring soil fertility. There is improvement in the structure and activity of soil fauna and greater availability of nutrients. A biological balance is achieved that promotes pest and disease control¹. In the same area, it is possible to establish consortia between species of economic importance, fruit and vegetables. Legume species can be introduced for use as green manures, which are mowed, and tree legume species, which, for the same purpose, are pruned to deposit organic material on the soil. In addition to contributing to the conservation of the environment, the benefits of agroforestry systems arouse the interest of farmers, as, as they are allied with food production, they offer agricultural and forest products, increasing the income generation of agricultural communities¹.
In July, experiences from the Pontal do Paranapanema (SP) region led the Best Practices for Agroforestry Management, taught by Haroldo Borges of Institute for Ecological Research (IPÊ). The activity took place during the cross-border meeting promoted in Cerrado Production, Research and Training Center (Ceppec), located in the Andalucia settlement, in Nioaque / MS. Representatives of the Hanaiti Yomo'omo Association participated in the project. & #8220; Seedling nursery for agroforestry production in Aldeia Brejão & #8221;, associations of rural settlements and extractive communities of the Cerrado and Pantanal and Gobierno Autonomous Municipal of Roboré, Bolivia.
Considering that SAFs also assist in the processes of restoration of native vegetation and recovery of degraded areas, the workshop interacted with the monitors working in the recovery of spring areas in the Andalucia and Bandeirantes settlements, from Miranda (MS), activities that occur through the Miranda-Bodoquena Corridor Project: filling social and environmental gaps, which is implemented by ECOA and has the support of Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB), and aims to assist the revegetation and conservation of the Cerrado by strengthening non-timber extraction by communities and settlers in Mato Grosso do Sul (Miranda-Bodoquena corridor).
EMBRAPA (2004). Technological Solutions-Agroforestry Systems. Available at: https://www.embrapa.br/busca-de-solucoes-tecnologicas/-/produto-servico/112/sistemas-agroflorestais-safs
The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan, the MacArthur Foundation and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.