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In September 2015, in New York, heads of state and government and senior representatives ratified the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a global action plan to achieve world peace, universal access to health and education, sustainable human habitats, and a world free from hunger, misery, and poverty. With 17 Sustainable Development Goals - SDGs and 169 targets, Agenda 2030 is guided by actions that must be achieved by 2030 in areas of vital importance to humanity and the planet. Therefore, it is our duty to use Agenda 2030 to adopt actions of transformation and positive impacts.

The Sustainable Development Goals give us today a solid orientation for any development project or program, linked to the socio-environmental agenda or not. The Objectives are aligned with five main axes: people, the planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. It is important to emphasize that none of these axes can be seen in isolation.

Thus, the axis related to people, which seeks to eradicate poverty and inequalities, can only achieve its goals within a healthy environment, respecting the limits of the planet's natural resources. Each individual will also only have the opportunity to prosper economically and enjoy economic, technological, and social progress in an environment of peace and institutional stability. This stability will often emerge as partnerships between institutions ready to cooperate in the implementation of sustainable development goals, reinforcing the idea of global solidarity to welcome the most vulnerable on this journey.

We seek to link CEPF's Cerrado projects to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and describe the contribution of each project to Agenda 2030. In our analysis, we not only look at the objectives but also the goals more aligned with the projects.

To facilitate interpretation of each project's contributions, we have adapted the "wedding cake" presented by Rockstöm and Sukhdev (2016) to characterize CEPF-Cerrado's contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals. It is crucial to verify that the program is contributing to the processes of the cake's base. Most projects reinforce the protection of natural processes that sustain the other processes of the layers above the bottom and create a safe space where the other objectives can thrive. In the Cerrado, we will only have food - ODS 2 - with healthy environments for its production - ODS 15 and ODS 13. This is only a simple example to describe the interrelationship between the ODS and how it is not possible to pursue one goal in isolation.

In our case, the size of the goal's figure corresponds to the number of projects that contribute to that particular goal. Thus we have more projects related to ODS 15 than to ODS 6. We do not add to other ODS that are represented in a translucid way.


Case studies

Here we bring three (3) projects that have an interesting connection with the SDGs, which will exemplify the analysis. We describe its general objectives, the main goal; which has the greatest contribution; and the secondary goal, which from the conclusion of the project, was considered as an offshoot of the main contribution.

The project of the Kalunga Quilombo Association, which aimed to create a Geographic Information System (GIS) for land management, has as its main ODS the 'Objective 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities'. The main contribution of the project is to strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the cultural and natural heritage of the world, which is the territory of the Kalunga Quilombo. The project is also developing a platform to sell tourist packages to visit natural attractions such as waterfalls, Kalunga life experiences and guided tours to see the biodiversity of the Cerrado. These activities will contribute secondarily to 'Objective 12 - Sustainable Production and Consumption', in the goal related to the development of tools to monitor sustainable tourism, generating income, promoting culture and valuing local products.

 
OBJECTIVE Strengthening of COMDEMAs, in order to subsidize local decisions that contribute to the conservation of the Cerrado and to the achievement of global biodiversity conservation goals The central objective of the project is to establish and implement a strategy to restore long-term provision of ecosystem services in the Ugly Stream basin through a process of engagement of local producers and actors. Consolidate the environmental and territorial management of the Kalunga Historical and Cultural Heritage Site, through the Geographic Information System (GIS) to ensure the sustainable use of natural resources, aiming to guarantee an improvement in the quality of life for all residents.
MAIN SDG

GOAL 11a

Support positive economic, social and environmental relations between urban, peri-urban and rural areas, reinforcing national and regional development planning

GOAL 6.6

By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

GOAL 11.4

Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world's cultural and natural heritage

SECONDARY SDG GOAL 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making

GOAL 15.2

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

GOAL 12b

Develop and implement tools to monitor the impacts of sustainable development for sustainable tourism that creates jobs, promotes local culture and products