Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) uses an elaboration process of "ecosystem profiles" to identify and articulate an investment strategy for each hotspot to be funded throughout the world. Each ecosystem profile reflects an evaluation of the biological priorities and the underlying causes of biodiversity loss in certain ecosystems.
From October 2014 to October 2015, Conservation International (CI-Brazil) and the Society, Population and Nature Institute (ISPN in Portuguese) coordinated a data entry, analysis and recommendation process, which attended more than 170 participants of over 130 institutions. The information collected was synthesized in an ecosystem profile for the Cerrado hotspot.
As part of this process, were performed five workshops with the presence of the civil society, private sector, and government institutions.
These workshops allowed the attendants to identify the conservation priorities and jointly establish a strategic framework for the CEPF support program over five years (2016-2021).
This overall view helped to identify investment priorities, which are divided in 6 strategic directions, that are associated with Key Biodiversity Areas and Priority Corridors.
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KBAs and Corridors
During the elaboration of the ecosystem profile, the existent lists of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) in Brazil and IBAs in Bolivia and in Paraguay were built and updated with the latest available data.
This process resulted in a map of 761 KBAs in Brazil, as well as one IBA in Bolivia and three IBAs in Paraguay. These 765 areas represent about 60 percent of the Cerrado area. KBAs in Bolivia and Paraguay enjoy some kind of environmental protection, which means that these key areas are thought to be less threatened compared to most KBAs in Brazil, of which only about 10 percent are protected.
Based on group analyzes of KBAs with high relative biological importance, 13 conservation corridors were identified, covering about one third of the hotspot area.
Each of the 13 corridors has unique characteristics, with different plant formations and transition areas, different species endemism levels and specific socioeconomic dynamics. Each corridor therefore requires a specific strategy and a differentiated action plan for conservation.