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Book “Coloring the rupestrian fields” promotes environmental education in schools in Minas Gerais

Maned wolf, giant anteater, pau-santo and crown-of-ita cactus are species that illustrate the book: “Coloring the rupestrian fields: Ecological literacy in early childhood education in Itamarandiba - Minas Gerais”, work launched by Editora Mil Folhas, which had the support of Partnership Fund for Critical Ecosystems (CEPF) It's from Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB). The publication is one of the main results of the project “Ecology and Recovery of Uebelmannia buiningii, Coroa-de-Ita” run by Jurumi Institute in partnership with ICMBio, Embrapa-Cenargen and the Serra Negra State Park (MG).

THE publication is the first in a series aimed at early childhood education education network in the city of Itamarandiba, in Minas Gerais. In it, the student can color drawings that represent plants and their parts, as well as animals that occur in the rupestrian fields of the Serra Negra State Park, in the state of Minas Gerais.

“We hope to strengthen schools and children in relation to the knowledge of local biodiversity and fauna, but also to draw attention to the protection of Serra Negra State Park. Therefore, the community, in this context, must be inserted in the entire process of conservation of this area ”, says Suelma Ribeiro, an ecologist and one of the authors of the work.

There is also space for children to draw or reproduce plant characteristics. “The idea is that the children's audience can increasingly empower themselves with this knowledge. We hope that it will serve as educational material focused on local biodiversity and the species that are threatened in this region ”, comments Suelma.

The book, which is freely distributed, is available for download and it appears as a proposal to democratize access to knowledge. Access the book for free here:


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

Plateau-dove: population of 31 individuals across Brazil

by Luana Luizy, Communication Advisor, International Education Institute of Brazil

The plateau dove feeds on small grains and seeds. Photo: Marco Silva / Save Brasil Collection

Considered one of the rarest birds in the world, the plateau dove it receives support from partners to be reintroduced into nature, its occurrence being restricted to the municipality of Botumirim, in the north of MG. The population of this bird is in a critical situation, with a very low number of individuals: today, there are only 31.

Associated with rocky environments, with white sand and plenty of water, it feeds on small grains and seeds. Today the main threat to their survival they are the fires provoked to open pasture area for the creation of cattle in the Cerrado.

“This bird likes environments rich in water; that's why our actions in Botumirim are focused on protecting Veredas, because protecting this vegetation is protecting the plateau doves ”says Albert Gallon de Aguiar, from Association for the Conservation of Brazilian Birds, Save Brasil.

The management and execution actions of the project developed by Save Brasil resulted in the creation of the Botumirim State Park. In addition, awareness-raising activities with the city hall and schools in the city have brought the population closer to the project, a fact that has resulted in the flow of greater turism of bird lovers in the region, which generated income for the population.

The plateau dove (Columbina cyanopis) is one of the rarest birds in the world, critically endangered (CR). Photo: Ciro Albano / Save Brasil Collection

“People started to understand that the park represents a source of income for the municipality, which is quite poor, has a low HDI index. There, we have a diversity of species from the Cerrado: 17 mammals, such as maned wolf, brown jaguar, giant anteater, animals that are returning to the reserve, because now there is more surveillance by the State in the fight against hunting. So, the dove created a park protection movement"says Albert.

Support from CEPF and IEB

The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, acronym in English) and the IEB were great supporters of the project “Saving the plateau dove (Columbina cyanopis) and its unique habitat in the Cerrado ”, which contributed to disseminate information about birds and biodiversity to the local population, establishing a network of actors committed to environmental conservation in the region. “The support allowed us to stay in the field. It helped in the communication part, it was a great partner for us to be able to establish the bases, to be able to walk. CEPF and IEB allowed us to have governance ”, comments Albert.

Developments

Despite the highland roller being in a critical situation, Save Brasil's actions collaborated to increase its population, which at the beginning was 11 individuals. In this way, its growth for 31 birds represents a victory.

As a next step, we will begin the management of the population, with the removal of some eggs from nature to create in captivity, have a safe population, and then reintroduce them in natural regions. This way, we can prevent, for example, that a fire burns the population at once ”, explains the expert.

 

Learn more about Save Brasil:

http://savebrasil.org.br


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

Beaked: excessive hunting led bird to extinction

dustr Luana Luizy, Communication Advisor, International Education Institute of Brazil

“A large part of birds in Brazil are threatened by the modification and destruction of their habitat. The weevil is one of the few that are threatened by another reason: hunting. The birds (hunters, traders and bird collectors) were so efficient that they managed to exterminate the beak from much of Brazil ”, says Flávio Ubaid, a contributor to the Ariramba Institute of Nature Conservation.

The weevil suffered intense capture to supply the illegal trade. Photo: © Flávio Ubaid / Ariramba Institute Collection

Your melodic singing, similar to the sound of a flute, makes the beak a target for the illegal capture of collectors. Considered one of the rarest birds in Brazil, he fights against the persecution of cages to live.

"The weevil is a bird that originally inhabited much of Central Brazil to the north of the Amazon and even in other countries, but it suffers a very high pressure of capture, a fact that was crucial to extinguish them", says Flávio.

The bird lives in flooded environments where tiririca grass is born, species of razor grass whose seeds are its main food, broken by its thick and strong beak

As they search for places with plenty of water, the preservation of the springs and Cerrado paths is essential for the survival of the boll weevil.

 “The Cerrado is a biome rich in water; and this bird is directly related to these wet areas. However, deforestation and fires contribute to drying up the Veredas and damaging the springs, which contributes to this ceasing to be an environment of the weevil ”, adds Flávio.

Reintroduction of the species

Males have almost entirely black plumage, while females have brown feathers. Photo: © Flávio Ubaid / Ariramba Institute Collection

Support from Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, acronym in English) and the International Institute of Education of Brazil (IEB) has strengthened actions to reintroduce the boll weevil in Private Natural Heritage Reserves (RPPNs). The activities are concentrated, for the time being, mainly in the north of Minas Gerais, an area that covers the Sertão Veredas-Peruaçu Corridor and the RPPN Porto Cajueiro.

& #8220; CEPF / IEB allowed us to establish a free-living weevil population in MG fulfilling the whole process of setting and legal requirements. Thus, the support was decisive to promote the conservation of the boll weevil. Throughout the development of the activities, Usina Coruripe, owner of RPPN Porto Cajueiro, identified itself with the project and has also contributed in all stages of execution. A major breakthrough in the project will be the implementation of a conservationist boll weed financier, financed by Coruripe, which will put the project on another level of performance ”, points out Ubaid, on the results of the project 'Reintroduction of the weevil in key areas for the conservation of the Cerrado', managed by the Ariramba Institute for Nature Conservation.

 

Learn more about the bicudo project:

https://www.instagram.com/projetobicudo/


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

Cerrado Seed Network strengthens income generation for communities through the sale of native species for restoration

by Luana Luizy, Communication Advisor, International Education Institute of Brazil

Have you thought about promoting trade in native seeds, promote a source of income for traditional populations and still restore degraded areas? It is in this way that Cerrado Seed Network (RSC), association that works in the articulation to strengthen the activity of collecting seeds of native species of the Cerrado flora.

The Network's focus is on the region of Veadeiros Plateau, in Goiás, in addition to Brasilia and in north of Minas Gerais. “One of our areas of activity is restoration, making degraded areas return as close as possible to their original formation, with all of their ecological functions involved there. We also promote the sale of native seeds and, thus, the restoration of the Cerrado biome ”, comments Camila Motta, president of RSC.

Hands that make all the difference in the restoration of the Cerrado. Photo: Dudu Coladetti / Collection RSC

The social nature of the work carried out by the Network is one of the main pillars of the organization, since the commercialization of native seeds generates income for local communities, in addition to stimulating conservation of areas by these populations. “A very important factor in the restaurant chain is social involvement. The role of the seed collector is very important not only for income generation, but also for restoration, and the main objective is conservation, bringing the Cerrado back ”explains Camila Motta.

Altogether, 450 people trained in the production of native seeds and ecological restoration, 11 benefited communities, 250 hectares in the process of restoration, more than 30 businesses closed with commercialization and more than 10 tons of seeds already commercialized with project support “Seed and Catering Market: Providing Environmental Services and Biodiversity”, in addition to support from Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) It's from Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB).

The President of Standing Cerrado Association, Claudomiro de Almeida, a native of the Chapada dos Veadeiros region, was one of the beneficiaries of the project, along with his organization: “This partnership was essential. Today, our association has many families involved in the project. RSC supports us in the organization, in the search for seed buyers, also with training for collectors. Families do what they know, which is to collect and store seeds, and CSR comes with that support. ”

Collector participates in seeding in the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park in Goiás. Photo: Dudu Coladetti / Collection RSC

THE pandemic it generated challenges and difficulties for many organizations, which needed to reinvent themselves. For the Cerrado Seeds Network, 2020 was the year with the best results in seed marketing, according to Camila Motta; among other factors, this is due to the progress made on the restoration agenda: “The growing need for rural producers to adapt to the environment, companies, the effect of the courses we took, all the mobilization that the project does with the partnerships. All of these factors together are reflected in practice. Last year, 30 deals were closed ”.

Training with the Cerrado das Águas Consortium

THE training of rural producers and the demand for restoration through native seeds provided the partnership with Cerrado das Águas Consortium (CCA). The Cerrado Seeds Network (RSC) provided native seeds to the CCA, and in 2021, the two organizations will carry out a empowerment, at a distance, for producers in the municipality of Patrocínio (MG), on the collection of native seeds and restoration. “Through this course we will train rural producers in terms of restoration”says Camila Motta.

Find out more the work of the Cerrado Seed Network (RSC): https://www.rsc.org.br/

Download the calendar for guide the collection of native seeds including trees, shrubs, grasses and other Cerrado herbs. All information is regional and specific to Chapada dos Veadeiros (GO). The sale of seeds generates income for more than 60 families and helps to conserve the Cerrado!

 

 


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

Rare flora of the Cerrado was the subject of debate at the Symposium

by Luana Luizy, Communication Officer, International Education Institute of Brazil 

Endemic tree the central region of Minas Gerais, the wilson's faveiro is at risk of extinction. In this way, the Symposium "Flora in Debate: Challenges in the Conservation of Rare Plants", held in December, aimed to discuss the challenges faced in the conservation of the native flora of Brazil.

The event came about as the result of an initiative by researchers from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) in conjunction with the Belo Horizonte City Hall and Instituto Prístino. This action is part of the project “Management and protection of the faveiro-de-wilson”, which aims to increase the protection of faveiro and its habitat through the implementation of actions of its National Action Plan (PAN). The project is carried out by Society of Friends of the Belo Horizonte Zoo-Botanical Foundation and has the support of Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and International Institute of Education of Brazil (IEB). Researchers, teachers, volunteers, partners and students were present, in order to debate and disseminate all knowledge about the faveiro-de-wilson, especially with regard to its conservation.

Faveiro-de-wilson (Dimorphandra wilsonii). Photo: ©Fernando Fernandes/SAFZBH Collection

The three species discussed at the symposium were: faveiro-de-wilson (Dimorphandra wilsonii); faveiro-da-mata (Dimorphandra exaltata) and faveiro-do-campo (Dimorphandra mollis). “The three are very important in feeding the fauna. Tapir, deer, paca and macaw are some of the species that eat their broad beans (pods). Cattle and horses also love to eat them. And they fall to the ground in the winter when the pastures are very dry. The faveiro-de-wilson and mata are poorly studied and are at risk of extinction. Hence our conservation project and the symposium ”, says Fernando M. Fernandes, coordinator of the Faveiro-de-wilson Conservation Program.

About faveiro

Faveiro or faveira are popular names given to plants that produce fruit in the form of broad beans, which keep the seeds. The fruit, that is, the bean, can also be called vegetable, pod, bagem, bajeca, among others. These plants - which can be trees, shrubs, herbs or vines - belong to the Fabaceae botanical family, popularly known as the legume family. In addition to the faveiros, hundreds of botanical species are part of this family, such as jacaranda, sucupira, brazilwood, peas, soybeans and beans.

Learn more about this project with IEB / CEPF Cerrado!


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

Rare and endangered cactus is the focus of a conservation project in the Jequitinhonha Valley, Itamarandiba, Minas Gerais

Today, on the National Day of the Cerrado (9/11), we will meet a rare natural plant from the Jequitinhonha Valley region, Minas Gerais, which is critically endangered due to the destruction of its habitat by mining and by illegal and predatory collection for trade in collectors. It belongs to the botanical family Cactaceae, the cactus with the scientific name of Uebelmannia buiningii, Ita crown, is found in an area of about 18.81 hectares located in the municipality of Itamarandiba. This area is in transition between the biomes of Atlantic Forest and the Cerrado and where is onethat of the few conservation units in the region, the Serra Negra State Park - PESN. The site is considered a key area for biodiversity or Key Biodiversity Area (KBA), full of endemic species. KBAs are places that “contribute significantly to the worldwide persistence of biodiversity”, for example, by supporting the conservation of threatened species and species that have severely restricted global distributions.

The plant has been studied since 2012 by researchers from the Cerrado Biodiversity Assessment and Research and Conservation Center & #8211; CBC, from the Chico Mendes Institute for Conservation and Biodiversity (ICMBio), which go to the field in search of knowledge about their populations, a more detailed understanding of the characteristics of their habitats and factors that threaten their survival, which are disclosed in scientific works and help to guide the paths to be followed for the management of their populations in nature.

Landscape of the Serra Negra region, in the Jequitinhonnha Valley, in Itamarandiba. Photo: Washington Oliveira / Personal collection

The project & #8220; Ecology & Recovery U. buiningii & #8221; since 2019 with financial support from International Education Institute of Brazil, through the Partnership Fund for Critical Ecosystems (CEPF Cerrado) and with the management of Jurumi Institute for Nature Conservation in partnership with Embrapa-Cenargen and Serra Negra State Park. The biologist and coordinator of the Project, Suelma Ribeiro explains that: “the main focus, without a doubt, is to guarantee the maintenance of the cactus in nature in the long term”. 

The plant is critically endangered, according to the national and international list of species of flora threatened with extinction, due to the destruction of their habitat and illegal removal of their individuals. However, other threats were identified with the studies carried out in 2019. According to biologist Washington Oliveira, a member of the team: “the research carried out last year indicated that the invasive exotic plant known as fat grass (Melinis minutiflora) was found in all areas where the cactus occurs and negatively affects its abundance ”.

The cactus that lives exclusively in a range between 900 and 1350 m in altitude, is pollinated by bees, measures about 6 cm in height and lives in association with other shrubs and rocks, especially under others endemic species bromeliads and velózias, also known as canela-de-ema. This association favors a greater abundance of the cactus, attenuating the excessive solar radiation through shading, which leaves the environment more humid, reducing the negative effects of the high temperature of the place, making these appropriate places for seed germination. According to Suelma Ribeiro, “these environments function as a micro ecosystem that must be protected to guarantee the maintenance of individuals of Uebelmannia buiningii.

Ita crown. Photo: Washington Oliveira / Personal collection

However, most cactus populations live outside the PESN, with four small populations located on private properties, which requires urgent protection and awareness-raising actions. In this sense, the project also works with environmental education initiatives already developed by the Park's team, stimulating actions that sensitize children and young people from local communities. PESN manager Wanderlei Pimenta comments that: “the redefinition of the Park's limits, the creation of private reserves of natural heritage & #8211; RPPN and the intensification of environmental education actions in the region are fundamental for the protection of the plant and the unit's ecosystems ”.

The management of cactus populations in the rocky fields of Serra Negra requires the adoption of adptive management strategies that favor the reduction of impacts on the few individuals left in nature. Thus, it is essential to ensure the maintenance of ecological interactions and the protection of their habitats. According to Suelma Ribeiro, this approach will also serve to benefit other endangered species that occur in the territory and explains: “the implementation of these management strategies will be the next step to be taken by the project, but which will require the strengthening of current partnerships as well as its expansion to save this cactus from extinction together ”.

 

More information can be accessed at the following websites: 

Jurumi Institute: https://bio.institutojurumi.org.br/atividades/projeto/cacto    

CEPF Cerrado: http://cepfcerrado.iieb.org.br/projetos/ecologia-e-recuperacao-de-uebelmannia-buiningii-donald-cactaceae/

CBC / ICMBio:  https://www.icmbio.gov.br/cbc/acoes-de-pequisa-e-conservacao/manejo-para-conservacao-da-biodiversidade-em-ucs.html 

Serra Negra State Park: https://www.facebook.com/parqueserranegra/    


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.

 

 

Symposium & #8220; Flora in Debate & #8221; happens in March in the city of Belo Horizonte

On the 19th of March, in Belo Horizonte, the Symposium “Challenges in the conservation of rare plants. The case of species of Dimorphandra”. This symposium is one of the actions of the National Action Plan for the conservation of the faveiro-de-wilson, a species of rare and endemic tree from Minas Gerais, threatened with extinction.

The symposium is also an integral part of the Project “Management and Protection of the faveiro-de-Wilson (Dimorphandra wilsonii) ", which is supported by Partnership Fund for Critical Ecosystems and International Institute of Education of Brazil. At the event, specialists and collaborators working with this species, as well as with another equally rare tree species in the region, the faveiro-da-mata, will show the latest advances in research and conservation of these species, as well as discuss the ways forward.

The project “Handling and Protection of the faveiro-de-wilson” is executed by Society of Friends of the Belo Horizonte Zoo-Botanical Foundation and started in November 2017 and has several actions in progress, including meetings, training and visits to areas of occurrence of the species, acting in an extension of 5,215 km², where are the 18 municipalities where the faveiro occurs. know more about the project's actions!

If you are interested in participating in the symposium, enter the website and register.

https://floraemdebate.wixsite.com/floraemdebate

Check out the schedule!


The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan and the World Bank. A key goal is to ensure that civil society is involved in biodiversity conservation.