Estudo aponta os riscos da exploração do Cerrado
In the article “Devaluing and overexploiting the Brazilian cerrado: at our peril”, the researchers address the importance of the biome to a family, such as threats related to climate change and the human and economic development of the country and region. Coordinated by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), the study was recently published in the Environment Magazine.
To read the full news on the website of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), click here: http://www.inpe.br/noticias/noticia.php?Cod_Noticia=4370
Article is available in portuguese on here.
Technical Guide: Ecological Restoration with Agroforestry Systems
Published by the International Center for Agroforestry Research (Icraf), this technical guide aims to guide the adoption of agroforestry systems (SAFs) in restoring and restoring altered and degraded areas through strategies that reconcile conservation with social benefits.
Its construction was the result of a participatory and research process involving technicians, farmers, researchers, policy makers and practitioners on restoration and SAFs. First, the rules governing the use of AFS in environmental protection areas (Permanent Preservation Areas - APPs and Legal Reserves - RLs) were analyzed in order to clarify for practical technicians, farmers and policy makers their practical implications in the field.
The publication is available for download here. http://www.icrafamericalatina.org/nuestros-productos/guia-tecnico-restauracion.html
Published by the Land Use and Agroicone Initiative, this guide focuses on species that may cause some damage or impairment to the restoration process. Forest restoration in Brazil has several challenges, one of them being the correct identification of the species that are in the areas under restoration process. Knowing how to identify these species that cause damage to the restoration is of fundamental importance for the correct restoration management, among other purposes. So this is a guide that focuses on species from other worlds that may cause some damage or mistake in the restoration process. Thus, we think of a practical and online guide for the restorer to have a tool in hand that serves the correct environmental diagnosis (technique recommendation) until the sequential monitoring of the restoration areas. Read the full story on the website of INPUT.
The guide is available for download. on here.
How to grow food by planting forests
The State Secretariat of the Environment (SEMA) of the state of Bahia launched the publication “How to grow food by planting forests - Stories of people, forests and fields” fruit of the Cerrado Project, which takes place in partnership between the State Government, the Ministry of the Environment and the World Bank, operating in 11 municipalities in western Bahia. The publication presents examples of Cerrado farmers who have changed their relationship with the ways of producing, showing that it is possible to grow food in collaboration with nature, using agroecological practices and agroforestry systems, without the use of pesticides, with green manure, a consortium between species, use of creole seeds and native plants, consistent with nature's cycles. More information on site from SEMA.
Notebooks about sustainable extractivism
The Ministry of Environment (MMA) in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA) launched 21 technical books about the oriented and systematized cultivation for some native species of the Brazilian flora, which are used as raw material for products of social biodiversity. Read more about this initiative at site of the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation.
The material is available in digital version and can be accessed on here!
Back Yearbook 2018 & #8211; Sustainability of production chains: risk of deforestation in Brazilian soy exports
*THE Rear Year 2018 presents the latest studies on the sustainability of global agricultural commodity production chains associated with tropical deforestation, based on Back. These data allow us to link commodity production and its impacts associated with deforestation with companies and consumer markets. The Yearbook highlights the exports of Soy where recent deforestation peaks in both the Amazon how much in Cerrado alarms sounded and generated new business commitments. Soybean expansion in the Cerrado is responsible for one of the world's most dynamic agricultural frontiers. Remember that the Cerrado is considered one of the most biodiverse forms of savannah. In the newer Cerrado soybean frontier region, known as Matopiba, acronym for the states of Maranhão, Tocantins, Piauí and Bahia, around 37% of soybean expansion in the last decade it was made through the direct conversion of native vegetation.
The material is available in digital version and can be accessed on here!
* Text taken from the Trase 2018 Yearbook, Sustainability of production chains: Risk of deforestation in Brazilian soybean exports https://yearbook2018.trase.earth/, Transparency for Sustainable Economies, Stockholm Environmental Institute and Global Canopy.
The document “Political Strategies for the Cerrado” it was the result of a process of collective construction by various civil society organizations. The document brings together 27 recommendations in defense of the Cerrado and its traditional peoples and communities, which were based on the results of interinstitutional consultations, including the National Strategy Cerrado Seminar Chamber of Deputies and a workshop, which was supported by the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF Cerrado). At this time, in addition to the performing organizations, 13 other civil society and academia organizations collaborated with the process. Read the full story and access the full document at site gives Cerrado Network.
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The handout Public Policies for Traditional Territories and Communities (see below) was prepared as didactic material for the realization of the Pedagogical Workshop I - Public Policies for Territories and Traditional Communities, referring to the first activity of the Extension Project Productive Backyards, Food Security and Agroecology in the Guará River Valley, São Desidério, Bahia. The preparation of this material was to guide the workshop participants about the content and themes involved, and at the same time be a source of research and consultation for the residents of the communities contemplated by the project actions.
The structure of the handout follows with the presentation of its objectives and explanations on the conception, principles and general guidelines of public policies, as well as its technical and legal instruments for management and access to rights. Such instruments are directed to the foundation and construction of claims for collective, social and political rights, which carry as their main objective human well-being and the promotion of quality of life. The public policies listed here deal with models of community territory management, food and nutritional security, human and environmental health, agroecological transition, sustainable and solidary economy and about nature conservation and good living.
I. Present and explain the conception, principles and general guidelines of each public policy established for the Pedagogical Workshop I.
II. Provide information and rules to access collective rights guaranteed and established through the public policies presented.
III. Provide a document with the explanatory summary of the main public policies worked in the realization of the Pedagogical Workshop I.
Seeds, Seedlings and Restoration
This guide is the result of the technical and financial cooperation of the Federal University of Goiás, Catalan Regional, Embrapa Genetic Resources and Biotechnology, Serra do Facão Energia SA (Sefac) and National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL), made possible by the Research and Technological Development Program. Energy Sector (ANEEL-R & D), based on the project entitled “Development of methodology and technique for the implementation of Permanent Preservation Areas through direct seeding restoration: Research to reduce costs and improve the ecological potential of APPs plantations”.
The guide consists of information on seeds and seedlings of 40 species of Cerrado that can be used for the restoration of native vegetation via direct sowing or for the production and planting of seedlings. For each species, the authors provided morphological characteristics to assist their identification in the field and ecological and practical information for the use of species in ecological restoration.
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With support from CEPF Cerrado and International Institute of Education of Brazil, the Cerrado Seed Network executes the projects “Training in ecological restoration of the Cerrado”, which aims to train actors in restoration actions, as well as others involved in the restoration process, on the diagnosis of degraded areas, restoration planning, restoration techniques and monitoring of restoration results. And the project “Seed Market and Restoration: Providing Environmental Services and Biodiversity” It aims to act in the main links of the native seed production chain: the seed collectors, the different types of seed buyers and the interconnection between these actors.
* The Cerrado Seed Network (CSR) was established in 2004 and its main objective is the defense, preservation, conservation, management, restoration, promotion of studies and research, and the dissemination of technical and scientific information regarding Cerrado, especially in Central Brazil. CSR seeks to foster the native Cerrado seed production chain by balancing seed supply and demand, in line with income generation for local and traditional communities. Through training and dissemination of technical information, CSR seeks to expand knowledge and ensure the protection, valuation and preservation of this biome. For this, CSR maintains partnerships with non-profit and government entities.
* These partnerships have made it possible to create, edit and release this guide. CSR thanks all partners: Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF), a joint initiative of the French Development Agency, Conservation International, the European Union, Global Environmental Management, the Government of Japan, and the World Bank; Caixa Seguradora Institute, German Cooperation & #8211; GIZ, Embrapa, Biomes Project, Brazilian Forest Service, Chico Mendes Institute, National Center for Biodiversity Assessment and Cerrado Research and Conservation, University of Brasilia, International Institute of Education, Chapada dos Veadeiros Seed Collectors Association & #8211 ; Standing Cerrado and Collective Restores Cerrado.
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* Text taken from the preface
Although municipalities are an integral part of the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC), the contribution of municipal conservation units (UCs) to the protection of biodiversity in the Cerrado and in Brazil is still poorly understood. It is new publication on the municipal conservation units of the Cerrado, coordinated by Ambiental Ltda., contributes to expanding knowledge and understanding about the participation of municipalities in the establishment of a broader and more integrated system of protection for biodiversity among the entities of the federation.
Municipal conservation units can play a key role in contributing to greater natural landscape connection, protect populations of species of native fauna and flora, maintain essential environmental services for the population such as water supply, decrease the risks of natural disasters and cope with climate changes, in addition to providing leisure and recreation and proximity of people to nature .
Without an adequate assessment of the network of municipal conservation units, strategies and policies for Cerrado continue with an important gap and underestimate the important role that municipalities have in protecting this biome. The publication, which has the foreword by National Confederation of Municipalities, reveals the important participation of the network of municipal conservation units in the biodiversity protection system. The initiative also presents recommendations for the improvement of public policies on the management and governance of protected areas at the municipal level, and the benefits that these areas provide for local society.
The expectation is that the publication will contribute to making more “visible” hundreds of official protected areas that today are on the margins of biodiversity conservation strategies and with little knowledge of society. Bearing in mind that conservation takes place on a local scale, the greater visibility of municipal conservation units can strengthen an official local protection agenda, highlighting and stimulating the development of capacities and financial resources to improve the effectiveness in the implementation of existing units, in addition to to stimulate the expansion of the area and the number of protected spaces managed by the municipalities.
The project of Ambiental 44 Ltda. was funded and supported by the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF, in English for Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) and Brazilian International Institute of Education (IEB). CEPF is a fund created to foster and support biodiversity conservation actions and projects, especially by civil society organizations, in regions of high biological importance in the world, and has the partnership of international institutions - French Development Agency, Conservation International , European Union, Global Environment Fund (GEF), Government of Japan and World Bank.
For more information, contact:
Luiz Paulo Pinto
Ambiental 44 Information and Projects in Biodiversidade Ltda.
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